After the IAEA confirmed that Iran met the JCPOA requirements, all nuclear sanctions were lifted by the United Nations, the EU and the United States on 16 January 2016.  On May 8, 2018, the United States formally withdrew from the agreement after U.S. President Donald Trump signed a presidential memorandum that ordered the reinstatement of tougher sanctions.  In his May 8 speech, President Trump called the Iran deal “terrible” and said the United States would “work with our allies to find a real, comprehensive and lasting solution” to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons.  The IAEA continued to verify that Iran complied with the JCPOA and that it had “no credible evidence of activities in Iran related to the development of a nuclear device after 2009”  Other parties to the agreement stated that they would continue to commit to the agreement after the withdrawal of the United States.  September 2, 2015: The 34th senator announces his support for the Iran nuclear deal, meaning that Congress will not have the support of a presidential veto against a resolution that rejects the deal. 12 May 2015: EU and Iran negotiators meet in Vienna to continue the development of a comprehensive agreement. April 24, 2018: US President Trump receives French President Emmanuel Macron for his first state visit. Macron referred to frank discussions with Trump about the JCPOA and said he and President Trump had agreed to work on a “new agreement” that would hold the JCPOA, but that included additional measures, including Iranian ballistic missiles. 9 June 2010: UN Security Council adopts Resolution 1929, which significantly expands sanctions against Iran.
In addition to strengthening proliferation-related sanctions and banning Iran from testing nuclear-weapon ballistic missiles, the resolution imposes an arms embargo against the transfer of important weapons systems to Iran. October 2, 2018: Yukiya Amano, Director General of the IAEA, says in a statement that the Agency does not take information on “face value.” While Amano did not speak directly about Netanyahu, he said that all material, including that received by third parties, was subject to rigorous and independent evaluation. Mr. Amano said that the IAEA`s nuclear audit work should be “always impartial, factual and professional” and that the independence of the Authority was “of the utmost importance.” The agreement is backed by many Iranian dissidents, including the Nobel Peace Prize laureate, human rights activist and exiled Iranian woman Shirin Ebadi, who called the “extremists” those who rejected the deal in Iran and America.  Dissident journalist and former political prisoner Akbar Ganji also expressed his hope: “Step by step, nuclear agreements, the lifting of economic sanctions and improved relations between Iran and Western powers will gradually eliminate Iran`s belligerent and securitized environment.”  Recalling the human rights situation in Iran and the “lack of religious and political freedom in the country”, some dissidents rejected the agreement, including Ahmad Batebi, Nazanin Afshin-Jam and Roozbeh Farapourhani, who signed an open letter in which they said that “more pressure must be exerted on the regime, no less”.  Gary Sick states that in the history of the NPT, no country other than Iran has voluntarily agreed to submit its nuclear activities in such an extraordinary manner.  UN sanctions will continue to be lifted, but if Iran confirms that it has violated any aspect of the agreement, they would be automatically “reduced” for ten years, with the possibility of a five-year extension.